Case Finding for Geriatric Syndromes in Community Pharmacies
Author(s): ,
Helen Marin
Affiliations:
BSc MSc
Charlie Gong
,
Charlie Gong
Affiliations:
,
Ross Tsuyuki
Affiliations:
BScPharm PharmD MSc
Yazid Al Hamarneh
Affiliations:
BScPharm PhD
Canadian Pharmacists Conference ePoster Library. Sadowski C. Jun 4, 2017; 174254
Dr. Cheryl Sadowski
Dr. Cheryl Sadowski
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Abstract
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Objectives
Geriatric syndromes (falls and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly prevalent in older adults and cause a burden to the patient and healthcare system, yet remain poorly assessed and undertreated. Objective: To identify the prevalence of falls and LUTS in community dwelling seniors accessing pharmacy services.

Methods
This case finding study involved pharmacy and medical students on their community clerkship rotation surveying consecutive older adults (age 65 year and older) in pharmacies regarding geriatric syndromes. The questionnaire included basic demographics, self-report of falls over the past year, self-report of LUTS (incontinence in the past 4 weeks), and if the individual had sought health care assistance for these conditions. After completing the questionnaire, the students provided the subjects with brochures on these syndromes. The data was analyzed descriptively using SAS 9.4.

Results
A total of 152 subjects were surveyed, 62% were female, and mean age 75.9 (SD 8.3). More than one third of the participants (38%) reported falling. Of those 35% were injured, yet the majority of them did not discuss it with a healthcare professional. More than half of the participants (58%) reported LUTS symptoms, but only 25% of them discussed them with a healthcare professional. When discussing geriatric syndromes, the vast majority of the participants discussed them with a physician (97%).

Conclusion
Falls and LUTS are common geriatric syndromes that older adults do not commonly address with health professionals. There are opportunities for pharmacists in the community, using simple tools, to start the conversation with patients about these syndromes.

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